During the course, we’ll be used words and phrases related to open resources; to better define and clarify what we’re discussing, we decided to create a little dictionary of the terms.


attribution, commercial use, Creative Commons, fair use, free licenses. open access, open education, open educational resources (OER), public domain, work.


information about the creator of the work, a necessary element when using someone’s work (ex. a citation or remix). It’s important to always include information about whose work we’re using.

commercial use
using materials for profit.

Creative Commons
This American non-profit created its own licensing system and handles its usage and expansion. Creative Commons licenses are ready-made legal solutions that you can use without the need for legal support. Using these licenses requires including them means indicating them in your work. This then allows others to use your resource according to the guidelines set out by the chosen license.

fair use
the ability to freely use works without holding the copyright. Individual fair use includes using a work, as well as copying it for yourself and a select group. There is also public use, which applies to libraries, museums, archives, and schools.

free licenses
licenses that fall under the Free Cultural Works definition and respect user rights, which means they allow a user to download, disseminate, and modify the work.

open access
free, universal, continuous and immediate access to all kinds of digital, scientific, and educational information (ex. Wikipedia.pl).

open education
education based on trust, collaboration, the use of new technology, and open educational resources.

open educational resources (OER)
educational resources created with free licenses (or with works available through the public domain), available on different platforms and mediums.

public domain
A collection of works available for public use whose copyright has expired (such as Chopin’s compositions), as well as works that were never copyrighted because their creation precedes copyright law.

every individual creation, in any format, no matter its contents, purpose, or method of creation (Art. 1 p. 1 Act on Copyright and Related Rights).

Source: http://edukacjamedialna.edu.pl/lekcje/slowniczek/